What is Cyber Security?

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By Muhammad Hussain

While modern technologies offer numerous benefits, society often overlooks the increasing dangers and cybercriminal activities they bring with different platforms and devices. Due to the steady rise in cybercrime, the world is estimated to incur a staggering $10.5 trillion in annual costs by 2025, with an anticipated yearly increase of nearly 15 percent in global cybercrime expenses over the next four years. These alarming statistics have compelled users to acquire knowledge regarding what is cyber security and its role in the cyber world.


This article will explore the in-depth concept of what is cyber security, its significance, and the best practices that can protect potential victims from such attacks.

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security refers to the measures employed to protect internet-connected systems. These include computer hardware, programs, critical networks, and sensitive informational data from unauthorized access, loss, theft, or damage done by hackers, spammers, and cybercriminals.

What are the Types of Cyber Security? 

Effective understanding of various cyber security sections is crucial for the success of any organization’s cyber security program. Cybersecurity can be categorized into the following sections:

      • Network Security involves hardware and software security measures to safeguard an organization’s network against external and internal threats.

        • Cloud Security involves practices to protect data, applications, and infrastructure in cloud computing environments using measures and technologies to prevent unauthorized access, data breaches, and other security threats.

          • Endpoint Security shields all entry points of end-user devices from malicious actors and campaigns, protecting against cyber security threats in networks and the cloud.

            • Mobile Security encompasses the protection of wireless, portable computing devices (such as smartphones, tablets, and laptops) and the networks they connect to, defending against vulnerabilities and malicious threats.

              • Internet of Things (IoT) Security is protecting connected devices and networks in the IoT, including home automation systems, SCADA machines, security cameras, etc., from cyber threats and breaches.

                • Application Security involves the integration and testing of security features within applications, aiming to prevent security vulnerabilities and protect against potential threats and unauthorized modifications. 

              Why does Cyber Security Matter? 

              Cyber security matters for the following reasons.

                  • The Costs of Cyber Security Breaches are on Rise

                The average global cost of a data breach in 2022 was $4.35 million, with the figure more than doubling in the U.S., averaging $9.44 million. These expenses encompass a range of factors, such as ransom payments, lost revenues, business disruptions, remediation efforts, legal fees, and audit expenses.

                    • Evolving Complexity of Cyber Attacks

                  The growing sophistication of cyber attacks, accompanied by the expanding range of tactics employed by attackers, emphasizes the critical importance of cyber security in protecting against evolving threats.

                      • Rise of Remote Work

                    The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the viability of remote and hybrid work models for numerous companies. However, it also underscored the crucial importance of implementing robust cyber security measures to safeguard sensitive data and protect against potential cyber threats.

                    Common Cyber Security Threats 

                    Cyber security threats


                    In order to resolve malicious activities, it’s crucial to recognize the nature of threats. The most common types of cyber security threats are,

                        • Malware refers to software specifically created to gain unauthorized access or inflict harm on a computer system. It encompasses various forms, such as viruses, trojans, spyware, adware, and botnets.

                          • Ransomware is a form of malicious software that aims to extort money by restricting access to files or computer systems until a ransom is paid. Despite paying the ransom, there is no guarantee of file recovery or system restoration.

                            • Phishing is a prevalent form of social engineering that involves sending scam emails that mimic those from legitimate sources. Its objective is to illicitly obtain sensitive information like credit card details and login credentials. 

                              • Insider Threats are security breaches or data losses that often result from human actions, such as those by employees, contractors, or customers. Insider threats can manifest due to both malicious and negligent behaviors.

                                • Denial-of-Service (DDoS) Attacks aim to disrupt a server, website, or network by overwhelming it with a high volume of traffic from multiple sources. This flood of messages, connection requests, or packets can cripple the system’s performance, causing it to crash and preventing legitimate users from accessing it.

                                  • Man-in-the-Middle Attacks (MITM) occur when hackers insert themselves into a two-person online transaction, enabling them to intercept and steal desired data. These attacks commonly target unsecured public Wi-Fi networks.

                                Benefits of Cyber Security 

                                There is no denying the multitude of benefits businesses can reap by adopting a cybersecurity approach. These benefits include:

                                    • Securing Confidential Information: Implementing cyber security measures safeguards confidential information, preventing unauthorized access and ensuring privacy, thus mitigating the risk of identity theft.

                                      • Business Continuity: Ensuring the prevention of cyber attacks enables organizations to maintain the availability of their systems and services, thereby minimizing both downtime and potential financial losses and ensuring business continuity.

                                        • Building Strong Customer Trust: Developing customer trust is a significant advantage of implementing cyber security measures. A robust cyber security stance enables organizations to foster trust among their customers, partners, and stakeholders.

                                          • Early Detection and Response: The proactive implication of cyber security measures enables organizations to identify threats at an early stage and respond efficiently, thereby reducing the potential for damage and disruption.

                                            • Remote Work Security: As remote work becomes more widespread, cyber security measures enable secure access and usage of organizational resources, minimizing risks and maintaining productivity in remote work environments.

                                          Cyber Security Best Practices 

                                          Cyber security is the gist of all, from individual internet users to reputable companies relying on digital technology for transferring critical data. There are fundamental approaches to securely operate and mitigate the risks of cyber threats. Let’s explore some of them,

                                          Cyber security best practices


                                              • Build and maintain a secure network and database: Establish and continuously update robust security measures for networks and databases to protect against unauthorized access and data breaches.

                                                • Strengthen cyber security training and awareness: Provide comprehensive training programs to educate employees on cyber security best practices and promote awareness of potential threats.

                                                  • Implement strong access control measures: Enforce stringent access controls, including strong authentication mechanisms and least privilege principles, to limit unauthorized access to sensitive information.

                                                    • Maintain an information security policy: Develop and enforce a comprehensive information security policy that outlines guidelines and procedures for safeguarding data and systems.

                                                      • Maintain a vulnerability management program and monitoring system: Regularly assess and address vulnerabilities through proactive monitoring, patch management, and timely response to security incidents.


                                                    In today’s ever-evolving threat landscape, only understanding what is cyber security isn’t enough. The intricacies involved in security systems with spreading proper awareness and training contain a key value. Otherwise, insufficient training can magnify threats. Cybint’s report reveals that 95% of digital breaches result from human error. 

                                                    However, organizations can address these challenges by taking responsibility and implementing a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy involving top-level management and employees. This strategy should be guided by best practices and utilize advanced technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning to enhance IT infrastructure security.
                                                    For further insights, visit Daily Digital Grind, where you can find valuable cybersecurity-related information.


                                                    What is cyber security in simple words?

                                                    In simple words, cyber security is the act of safeguarding digital systems and information from potential threats and attacks.

                                                    What types of businesses are most at risk from a cyber attack?

                                                    Businesses or organizations that are most vulnerable to cyber attacks include banks and financial institutions, healthcare institutions, corporations, and higher education institutions. These entities possess sensitive data, making them attractive targets for hackers.

                                                    Is cyber security a good career?

                                                    Yes, cybersecurity is a highly promising career choice. The demand for skilled professionals is high, and it offers excellent growth opportunities, competitive salaries, and the fulfillment of protecting digital environments.

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