Top 5 Careers in Cyber Security

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By Muhammad Hussain

As our world becomes increasingly interconnected, the demand for professionals skilled in safeguarding digital assets and mitigating cyber threats has surged to unprecedented levels. The dynamic and ever-evolving nature of technology has given rise to a diverse range of careers in the cyber security domain, each offering unique challenges and opportunities.

The cyber security market is expected to grow from $172.32 billion in 2023 to $424.97 billion in 2030. ~ Fortune Business Insights

Cyber security is a rapidly growing field with many career opportunities due to the increasing importance of protecting digital systems and data from cyber threats. 

In this article, we will explore the top 5 careers in cyber security. 

5 Careers in Cyber Security

Let’s explore the top 5 careers in cyber security.

Chief Information Security Officer (CISO)

A CISO, or data security official, is a senior-level leader who directs an association’s data, digital, and innovation security. The CISO’s liabilities incorporate creating, carrying out, and upholding security approaches to safeguard basic information.

Role of CISO in an Organization

  • A CISO must ensure that the targets of your association’s network protection program are following the objectives that your association desires to accomplish.
  • Another key job of a CISO is to advance a culture of security and to work with expansive security social change across their association. The CISO ought to go about as a leader, consistently imparting their strategy and vision.
  • Building and driving an online protection technique and system, with drives to get innovative resources.
  • Consistently assessing and dealing with the digital and innovation risk stance of the association.
  • Creating, legitimizing, and assessing online protection ventures.

What is Required to Start a Job as CISO?

Numerous businesses require data security officials to have essentially a four-year certification in subjects like software engineering, data innovation, and business or network protection. These four-year programs give CISOs establishments in innovation, PC abilities, programming, and security processes.

A successful CISO possesses a combination of technical expertise, strategic vision, leadership skills, and the ability to collaborate with cross-functional teams to effectively protect an organization’s information assets and maintain a strong cyber security posture.

How Much is a CISO Paid?

The average salary for a CISO in the United States ranges from around $150,000 to $300,000 or more per year. However, in some cases, particularly at larger organizations or those with a strong focus on cyber security, CISOs can earn salaries well above this range.


Threat Hunter

Threat Hunting is the act of proactively looking for digital dangers that are hiding undetected in an organization. Cyber Threat Hunters dig deep to find malevolent actors in your current environment who have slipped past your initial endpoint security safeguards.

Role of Threat Hunters in Cyber Security

  • A Threat Hunter in cyber security plays a crucial role in proactively identifying potential cyber threats and vulnerabilities within an organization’s digital infrastructure.
  • Threat Hunting involves a systematic and proactive approach to searching for signs of malicious activities.
  • The primary goal is to detect and respond to threats before they can cause significant damage.
  • Threat hunters use threat intelligence data to stay informed about the latest attack vectors, tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) cybercriminals and threat actors use.

What is required to start a job as Threat Hunter?

To start a job as a Threat Hunter, you typically need a degree in cyber security or a related field, knowledge of cyber security principles, technical skills with security tools, programming abilities, analytical capabilities, incident response experience, and a continuous learning mindset. Optional certifications can enhance your credentials, and ethical conduct is essential.

How much is a Threat Hunter paid?

The salary of a threat hunter can vary widely depending on factors such as location, level of experience, skills, and the specific company or organization they work for.


IT System Engineer

An IT system engineer in the field of cyber security is a professional who focuses on designing, implementing, maintaining, and securing information technology systems within an organization. 

Their primary responsibility is to ensure the security and integrity of the organization’s IT infrastructure, networks, and systems. They play a crucial role in safeguarding sensitive data, preventing cyber threats, and responding to security incidents.

Role of an IT System Engineer in Cyber Security:

  • IT system engineers in cyber security are responsible for designing and implementing secure network architectures.
  • This involves configuring firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems (IDPS), virtual private networks (VPNs), and other network security measures to protect against unauthorized access and cyberattacks.
  • IT engineers perform regular security assessments, penetration testing, and vulnerability scanning to proactively address weaknesses before malicious actors can exploit them.
  • They contribute to the development and enforcement of security policies, procedures, and standards within the organization
  • IT system engineers work with an assortment of safety devices and innovations, for example, antivirus programming, encryption instruments, security information, and event management (SIEM) frameworks.

What is Required to Start a Job as IT System Engineer?

  • BS/MS degree in Computer Sciences, Engineering related fields.
  • Proficiency in networking concepts, protocols, and technologies, including LAN, WAN, VPN, firewalls, routers, and switches.
  • Familiarity with cloud platforms like AWS, Azure, or Google Cloud.
  • Knowledge of data backup, disaster recovery, and business continuity planning.
  • Knowledge of DNS, DHCP, Active Directory, LDAP, and other network services.

How Much is an IT System Engineer Paid?

The salary of an IT system engineer depends on different factors. Entry-level positions or positions in smaller companies might offer salaries on the lower end of the range, while experienced system engineers working in larger or more specialized companies could earn salaries toward the higher end.

The following graph shows the average salary of an IT System engineer. 


Computer Forensic Analyst

A computer forensic analyst, also known as a digital forensics analyst, is a professional who specializes in investigating and analyzing digital evidence to uncover information related to cybercrimes, data breaches, computer intrusions, and other forms of digital misconduct. 

Computer forensic analysts use a combination of technical skills, tools, and investigative techniques to examine digital devices such as computers, smartphones, servers, and network infrastructure. 

Role of a Computer Forensic Analyst

  • Safely and forensically collecting digital data from various devices and storage media without altering or damaging the original data.
  • Using specialized software tools to analyze and interpret digital evidence, reconstruct events, and uncover hidden information.
  • Ensuring that the investigation process complies with legal and regulatory standards, maintaining chain of custody.
  • Generating detailed and accurate reports that summarize findings, methodologies, and conclusions, which can be used in legal proceedings.

How Much is a Digital Forensics Analyst Paid?

The salary of a computer forensic analyst can vary widely depending on factors such as location, experience, education, and the specific industry or organization they work for. In general, computer forensic analysts are well-compensated due to the specialized skills and knowledge required for their work.

The following graph shows the average salary of a Computer Forensic analyst.


Malware Analyst

A malware analyst is a cyber security professional who specializes in the identification, analysis, and understanding of malicious software, commonly known as “malware.”

Malware analysts play a crucial role in the field of cyber security by examining various types of malware, such as viruses, worms, Trojans, ransomware, spyware, and more, to better understand their behavior, functionality, and potential impact on computer systems and networks.

Role of a Malware Analyst 

  • They use various tools and techniques to identify suspicious or malicious code.
  • Malware analysts contribute to threat intelligence by sharing insights about new malware strains, attack techniques, and trends within the cyber security community. 
  • Analysts dissect malware samples to understand their inner workings, including how they infect systems and communicate with command and control servers.

What is Required to Start a Job as a Malware Analyst?

To start a job as a Malware Analyst, you need a degree in cyber security or a related field, strong technical skills in malware analysis, reverse engineering, and programming, as well as knowledge of cyber security principles and threat intelligence. Optional certifications and an ethical approach are valuable.

How much is a Malware Analyst Paid?

The salary of a malware analyst can vary widely depending on factors such as location, level of experience, the industry of the employer, and the specific responsibilities of the role.

In the United States, for instance, the salary for a malware analyst could range from approximately $60,000 to $130,000 or more annually.



A career in cyber security offers a dynamic and impactful journey that is well-suited for individuals who are passionate about technology, problem-solving, and safeguarding digital assets. 

The field’s continuous growth and evolving challenges ensure a fulfilling and promising career path for those willing to commit to ongoing learning and development.

To learn more about the field of cyber security, visit Daily Digital Grind


Is cyber security a good career?

Cyber security is considered a great career to start. There are plenty of options for those who are interested in the cyber security field.

What skills do you need for cyber security?

Having a combination of technical expertise, analytical abilities, and a strong ethical foundation will help you succeed in the dynamic and challenging field of cyber security. Additionally, pursuing relevant certifications (e.g., Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), CompTIA Security+) can enhance your credentials and demonstrate your commitment to the field.

How do I change my career to cyber security?

Transitioning to a career in cyber security requires research, education, hands-on experience, networking, and specialization. Build a strong portfolio, apply for entry-level positions, and stay updated with continuous learning. Seek mentorship and be persistent throughout the process for a successful career shift.

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